Saturday, October 20, 2018

Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Rajendra Prasad (3 December 1884 – twenty eight Gregorian calendar month 1963) was the primary President of Republic of India, in workplace from 1952 to 1962. He was associate degree Indian politician, and professional by coaching, Prasad joined the Indian National Congress throughout the Indian Independence Movement and have become a serious leader from the region of state. A supporter of Gandhi, Prasad was unfree by British authorities throughout the Salt nonviolence of 1931 and therefore the Quit Republic of India movement of 1942. when the 1946 elections, Prasad served as Minister of Food and Agriculture within the central government. Upon independence in 1947, Prasad was nonappointive as President of the Constituent Assembly of Republic of India, that ready the Constitution of Republic of India and served as its probationary parliament.

When Republic of India became a republic in 1950, Prasad was nonappointive its 1st president by the Constituent Assembly. Following the final election of 1951, he was nonappointive president by the body of the primary Parliament of Republic of India and its state legislatures. As president, Prasad established a convention of non-partisanship and independence for the officeholder, and retired from Congress party politics. though a ceremonial head of state, Prasad inspired the event of education in Republic of India and suggested the national leader government on many occasions. In 1957, Prasad was re-elected to the presidency, changing into the sole president to serve 2 full terms.

Early Family Life :-

Rajendra Prasad was a Kayastha Hindu and born in Zeradai, within the Jewish calendar month district of Bihar. His father, Mahadev Sahai, was a scholar of each the Sanskrit and also the Persian language. His mother, Kamleshwari Devi, was a devout lady World Health Organization would tell stories from the Sanskrit literature to her son (Rajendra Prasad). He was the youngest kid and had one elder brother and 3 elder sisters. There was spiritual harmony within the village and also the entire community would participate in each Hindu and Muslim spiritual festivals. His mother died once he was a baby and his elder sister took care of him.

When Prasad was 5 years previous, his oldsters placed him underneath the tutelage of a Moulavi, AN accomplished Muslim scholar, to find out the Persian language, Hindi and arithmetic. once the completion of ancient instruction, he was sent to the Chapra District college. Meanwhile, in Gregorian calendar month 1896, at AN early age of twelve, he was married to Rajavanshi Devi. He, in conjunction with his elder brother Mahendra Prasad, then visited study at T.K. Ghosh's Academy in Patna for a amount of 2 years. He secured 1st within the exam to the University of urban center and was awarded Rs. thirty per month as a scholarship.

Prasad joined the Presidency faculty, urban center in 1902, at first as a science student. He passed the F. A. underneath the University of urban center in March 1904 and so graduated with 1st division from there in March 1905. affected by his intellect, AN examiner once commented on his answer sheet that "examinee is aware of higher than examiner".[8] Later he set to specialise in the study of arts and did his M.A. in economic science with 1st division from the University of urban center in Gregorian calendar month 1907. There he lived along with his brother within the Eden Hindu Hostel. a loyal student likewise as a public activist, he was a lively member of The Dawn Society. it absolutely was thanks to his sense of duty towards his family and education that he refused to hitch Servants of Asian nation Society. Prasad was instrumental within the formation of the Sanskrit Students Conference in 1906 within the hall of the Patna faculty. it absolutely was the primary organization of its kind in Asian nation and created necessary leaders from Bihar like Anugrah Narayan Sinha and avatar Singh World Health Organization compete a distinguished role within the Champaran Movement and Non-cooperation Movement.

Career :- 

Rajendra Prasad served in varied academic establishments as an educator. once finishing his M.A in social science, he became a faculty member of English at the Langat Singh school of Muzaffarpur in (Bihar) and went on to become the principal. However, shortly he left the faculty for his legal studies and entered into the Ripon school, urban center (Presently Surendranath Law College). In 1909, whereas following his law studies in metropolis he additionally worked as faculty member of social science at urban center town school. In 1915, Prasad appeared within the examination of Masters in Law, passed the examination and won a trophy. He completed his doctor's degree in Law from Allahabad University in 1937.
In the year 1916, he joined the state supreme court of state and Odisha. Later within the year 1917, he was appointed joined of the primary members of the Senate and Syndicate of the Patna University. He additionally wont to follow law at Bhagalpur, the renowned silk-town of state.

Prasad's initial association with Indian National Congress was throughout 1906 annual session organized in urban center, wherever he participated as a volunteer, whereas finding out in urban center. Formally, he joined the Indian National Congress within the year 1911, once the annual session was once more control in urban center. throughout the Lucknow Session of Indian National Congress control in 1916, he met spiritual leader. throughout one among the inquiring missions at Champaran, spiritual leader asked him to return together with his volunteers. He was therefore greatly enraptured by the dedication, courage, and conviction of spiritual leader that as shortly because the motion of Non-Cooperation was glided by Indian National Congress in 1920, he retired his profitable career of professional likewise as his duties within the university to assist the movement.

He additionally older the decision by Gandhi to boycott Western academic institutions by asking his son, Mrityunjaya Prasad, to drop out of his studies and recruit himself in state Vidyapeeth, an establishment he together with his colleagues based on the standard Indian model.

During the course of the independent movement, he interacted with Rahul Sankrityayan, a writer, and polymath. Rahul Sankrityayan was greatly influenced by Prasad's intellectual powers, finding him to be a guide and guru. In many of his articles he mentioned about his meeting with Sankrityayan and narrated about his meetings with Sankrityayan. He wrote articles for the revolutionary publications Searchlight and the Desh and collected funds for these papers. He toured widely, explaining, lecturing, and exhorting the principles of the independence movement.[citation needed]

He took an active role in helping the affected people during the 1914 floods that struck Bihar and Bengal. When an earthquake affected Bihar on 15 January 1934, Prasad was in jail. During that period, he passed on the relief work to his close colleague Anugrah Narayan Sinha.[13] He was released two days later and set up Bihar Central Relief Committee on 17 January 1934, and took the task of raising funds to help the people himself. During 31 May 1935 Quetta earthquake, when he was forbidden to leave the country due to government's order he set up Quetta Central Relief Committee in Sindh and Punjab under his own presidency.

He was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress during the Bombay session in October 1934. He again became the president when Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose resigned in 1939. On 8 August 1942, Congress passed the Quit India Resolution in Bombay which led to the arrest of many Indian leaders. He was arrested from Sadaqat Ashram, Patna and sent to Bankipur Central Jail. After remaining incarcerated for nearly three years, he was released on 15 June 1945.

After the formation of Interim Government of 12 nominated ministers under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru on 2 September 1946, he got the Food and Agriculture department. Later, he was elected the President of Constituent Assembly on 11 December 1946.[14] Again on 17 November 1947 he became Congress President for a third time after J. B. Kripalani submitted resignation.

First President of Indian Republic :-

Two and a [*fr1] years when independence, on twenty six Gregorian calendar month 1950, the Constitution of freelance Asian country was legal and Prasad was electoral the nation's 1st president. sadly, on the night of twenty five Gregorian calendar month 1950, every day before the Republic Day of Asian country, his sister Bhagwati Devi died. He set concerning the incineration however solely when his come back from the parcel.

As President of Asian country, he punctually acted as per the Constitution, freelance of any party. He traveled the planet extensively as an envoy of Asian country, building diplomatic rapport with foreign nations. He was re-elected for two consecutive terms in 1952 and 1957, and remains solely President of Asian country to realize this achievement. The Mughal Gardens at the Rashtrapati Bhavan were hospitable public for a couple of month for the primary time throughout his tenure, and since then it's been a giant attraction for individuals in Delhi and different components of the country.

Prasad acted severally of politics, following the expected role of the president as per the constitution. Following the tussle over the enactment of the Hindu Code Bill, he took a additional active role in state affairs. In 1962, when serving twelve years because the president, he proclaimed his call to retire. when relinquishing the workplace of the President of Asian country on could 1962, he came to Patna on fourteen could 1962 and most well-liked to remain within the field of province Vidyapeeth. He was after awarded the Asian country Ratna, the nation's highest civilian award.

He died on twenty eight Feb 1963.

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Dr Rajendra Prasad

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